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French CHAB News of June 2020

 

 
 

MUSICAL BACKGROUND

"Seneca Square Dance" by Ry Cooder, from the film "The Long Riders"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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CONFEDERATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION OF BELGIUM

Due to the renovation works at the Communal Museum, the CHAB Club House has moved into temporary premises at Wolubilis, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert. Our monthly meetings will thus be held there until further notice. New Address: 1 place du Temps Libre - Local A300 - 3rd floor (right when leaving the elevator). The building is located along the Cours Paul-Henri Spaak, just opposite the Woluwe Shopping Center. The entrance is on the ground floor, left of the bookstore/restaurant Cook & Book. See access map

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MEETING NOTICE

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THE DATES OF THE ACTIVITIES MENTIONED BELOW ARE INDICATIVE ONLY. THEY MAY BE MODIFIED ACCORDING TO THE EVOLUTION OF THE CORONA VIRUS PROPAGATION AND LOCKDOWN MEASURES IN FORCE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE YEAR. AN EMAIL WILL BE SENT TO ALL OUR MEMBERS IN EARLY SEPTEMBER, SPECIFYING THE EFFECTIVE DATES OF OUR NEXT MONTHLY MEETINGS.

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NEXT MEETINGS  
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Saturday 12 September 2020 at 3 PM

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THE SECRET MISSION OF GENERAL POLIGNAC IN 1865

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Following the National Security Council of August 20 and the government’s decision to limit gatherings to 10 people, as well as the increased risk of contracting the Covid-19 virus, the CHAB committee is compelled to cancel the meeting planned for 12 September.

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Saturday 10 October 2020 at 2.30 PM

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VICKSBURG 1863 - THE UNION TAKES CONTROL OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER

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At our temporary premises in Wolubilis, lecture by Jean-Claude Janssens: Vicksburg 1863 - The Union takes control of the Mississippi River. Command of this river was essential for both belligerents. In October 1862, the northern steamroller began to move south. Its objective: Vicksburg, Mississippi. General Ulysses Grant arrives at the gates of the city after a six-month campaign. On July 4, 1863, after 43 days of siege, Confederate General John Pemberton is forced to surrender the town. On July 9, Port Hudson in turn capitulates. The Union has regained control of the great river. The Confederacy is cut in half; this is the turning point of the war. The day before, Lee’s failure at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, exacerbated a complex situation. The hope of a final victory for the South is now fading. Our speaker will relate these decisive events of the Civil War with period maps and photographs.

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Saturday 14 November 2020 at 3 PM

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THE CIVIL WAR AND COMICS

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At our temporary premises in Wolubilis, lecture by Maurice Jacquemyns: The Civil War and comics. Comics have explored the Civil War. With the expression codes of their art, screenwriters and/or designers have attempted to approach the event from different perspectives: historical, anecdotal, or entertainment. The speaker will try to demonstrate that comics translate an artistic specificity that fits into the historical evolution of comics.

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IMPORTANT NOTICE

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The CHAB committee wishes to inform its foreign and American friends that due to severe budget constraints, the English version of the CHAB News is no longer published. However, the French version of our quarterly remains available to the contributing members of our association. Thank you for your understanding.
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LATEST PAINTINGS FROM JOHN PAUL STRAIN

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JESSE JAMES

FATHER CORBY

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The Civil War was fought differently in Kansas and Missouri than the rest of the country. In Virginia, Maryland, and Tennessee, armies of thousands would face each other in great lines of battle. In the West, battles were more often skirmishes of less than a couple of hundred men. Guerrilla tactics, surprise attacks, and ambush were the tools of the day and southerners fought by the code of the feud. The population had mixed loyalties between North or South, which caused suspicion as to who was friend or foe. Adding to the confusion southern combatants often did not wear uniforms and sometimes dressed in federal jackets. It was in the early summer of 1864 that a young 16 year old Jesse James joined Bloody Bill Anderson’s Raiders under the command of William Quantrill to ride with his older brother Frank. On the afternoon of September 27th Anderson and about 80 of his men rode out of the federal town of Centralia, leaving behind death and destruction. Much of the town was on fire and 22 non-combatant federal soldiers had been killed. When Anderson and his men rejoined Captain George Todd’s cavalry unit back at camp, word spread of what had happened. Captain Todd chastised Anderson for what had been done. What they didn’t know was that the federals were already in pursuit. Federal Major A.V.E. Johnston commander of the 39th infantry were mounted and on the trail with about 155 troops. After viewing the destruction and death in Centralia the federal commander vowed revenge, and a black flag was carried by his column indicating no quarter was to be given by his men for any wounded or captured prisoners. Major Johnston’s column was soon discovered by Anderson’s rear guard scouts led by Dave Pool who galloped back to camp warning their brethren. Instantly the camp jumped into action as Anderson’s and Todd’s raiders readied for battle. As the rebels mounted their horses they formed into squads of ten to twenty men. Two miles from Centralia at the rise of a golden yellow hayfield the federals formed a line of battle on foot. Johnston’s men were infantry soldiers carrying long-barreled, muzzle loading Enfield rifles. Johnston ordered his men to fix bayonets. Frank James would later recount, “John Koger, a funny fellow in our ranks, watched the Yankees get down from their horses, and said: ‘Why, the fools are going to fight on foot! God help em.” Anderson riding his new mount, smiled and leaned over to Archie Clement and said, “Not a damned revolver in the crowd!” But actually commander Johnston stood next to his horse with a six shooter in his hand. The troopers dismounted their horses, checked their equipment, tighten their horse’s girths, and remounted pulling their pistols. At the command they moved forward in line, slowly at first. The line move toward the enemy at a walk, then to a trot up the hill. They heard the federal commander scream “ready aim fire!” Frank James said when they heard the enemy officer’s command, “We were lying behind our horses (necks), a trick that Comanche Indians practiced.” When the federals fired their rifles nearly all the shots went over their heads. But three raiders were hit. Two of them, Richard Kinney and Frank Shepherd were Frank’s best friends riding on either side of him. Shepherd was killed out right and fell from his horse. Kinney was shot and pulled back, although he was able to cling to his horse. He would die soon afterward. Several horses went down as well. The federal line only got off only one shot. At 200 yards Anderson shouted “Charge” and with a bloodcurdling rebel yell the line leaped into a thundering gallop. Frank continued, “On up the hill, almost in the twinkling of an eye we were on the Yankee line.” The federal line quickly broke and a wild panic of fighting and fleeing took place. During the fight Jesse engaged and killed Major Johnston the union commander. All the federals who stood their ground and fought were killed, including a number who ran away. Ten of the raiders were wounded, a number had been bayoneted, and three were killed. Describing the battle Frank James said, “We never met many Federal soldiers that would fight us on equal terms. They would either outnumber us or would run away.” The battle was Jesse’s first big victory. After the war, Jesse James and his brother Frank would become some of the most notorious outlaws of the West.

In late June of 1863 a Washington newspaper headline blared out, Invasion! Rebel Forces in Maryland and Pennsylvania. President Abraham Lincoln was more than concerned. General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia with 65,000 soldiers had crossed the Potomac with the intent to destroy the Federal army and march on to Washington. In public President Lincoln had full confidence that his Army of the Potomac would be able to stop Lee’s invasion. However Lincoln had his doubts about the army’s commander, General Hooker. The president needed a leader who had the fortitude and strength of character to lead his army in a desperate fight which could change the course of the war. He had the brave men who would give their all in battle, but he needed a leader who Lincoln said, would not be outgeneraled by Lee. Three days before the battle of Gettysburg, Lincoln announced to his war cabinet that he had replaced General Hooker with General George Meade whose nickname was the Old Snapping Turtle. The two great armies met at the sleepy little crossroads town of Gettysburg on July 1st. Lead elements of the armies engaged around the town, while the main body of the armies converged into place. President Lincoln was a constant fixture at the telegraph office, receiving dispatches, and updates, as he was poring over a map hung on the wall. For the next couple of days, the fate of the nation seemed to be hanging in the balance as Lincoln paced back and forth across the room, only to rest occasionally on a small couch. The second day of the battle General Lee attacked with the full force of his army on both flanks of the Federal lines. General Meade’s 2nd Corps, which included the Irish Brigade was placed on the left center of the Union lines on Cemetery Ridge. The Irish Brigade had the reputation as one of the best fighting brigades of the army and were led by Col. Patrick Kelly. As the thunder of the fighting grew, and shells burst along Cemetery Ridge, the Irish Brigade was told to prepare themselves for battle. Father Corby, the spiritual leader and Chaplin of the 88th infantry, had not been able to hold religious services for weeks because of the heavy marching. The reverend asked Col. Kelly if he could address the men. In one of the poignant moments of the day Father Corby gave absolution to the men of the Irish Brigade as they knelt, bowed in prayer. Soon afterward at about 3:00 P.M. the order came, Move by the left flank. Caldwell’s Division, including the Irish Brigade marched past George Weikert’s one story farm house and on into the Wheatfield, and surrounding area where some of the most heavy fighting of the day then took place. During the whirlwind of battle, the 530 men of the Irish Brigade sustained over 200 casualties at the Wheatfield and Stony Hill. Colonel Kelly was the only brigade commander of Caldwell’s division not killed or wounded. Father Corby would spend hours giving the fallen last rights and helping the wounded. President Lincoln would say about his soldiers in the Gettysburg address... that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion...”.

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For information or online orders:

www.johnpaulstrain.com

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